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Pelvic Organ Prolapse

Prolapse refers to a ‘drop’ of any of the pelvic organs from their regular position due to the lack of support from the pelvic floor muscles. The pelvic floor organs affected could be:​

  • Bladder

  • Uterus

  • Vagina

  • Small bowel

  • Rectum


If these pelvic organs droop into or outside of the vaginal canal or anus, it could signify pelvic organ prolapse.


What Causes Pelvic Organ Prolapse?


Anything that puts added pressure in the abdomen can lead to this condition. A couple of common causes are:

  • Pregnancy, labor, and childbirth

  • Obesity

  • Respiratory problems with a chronic, long-term cough

  • Constipation

  • Pelvic organ cancers

  • Surgical removal of the uterus (hysterectomy)


In some cases, genetics may also play a part in pelvic organ prolapse. Some women may have weaker connective tissues that puts them at higher risk.


What Are the Symptoms of Pelvic Organ Prolapse?


Not all women notice the symptoms, but some have reported these symptoms with pelvic organ prolapse:

  • A feeling of pressure or fullness in the pelvic area

  • An ache in the lower back

  • Feeling pain during sex

  • Feeling that something is falling out of the vagina

  • Urinary problems such as urine leakage or a chronic urge to urinate

  • Constipation or loss of bowel control

  • Spotting or bleeding from the vagina


Depending on which pelvic organ is drooping, symptoms may vary. When experiencing bladder prolapses, you may leak urine. If it's the rectum, you may experience constipation and uncomfortable intercourse. Small intestine prolapse comes with backache and uncomfortable intercourse, which are also similar symptoms of Uterine prolapse.

Book a consultation with us to find out more about your condition.
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